Rat Control : Identifying and Eradicating Rat Infestations

Grey rat near wooden wall on floor. Pest control

Rats are among the most common and troublesome pests that homeowners and businesses encounter worldwide. Not only do they cause damage to property, but they also pose health risks through the spread of diseases and contamination. Identifying and addressing a rat infestation promptly is crucial to prevent further damage and protect your health. In this article, we’ll discuss how to identify rats and effectively get rid of them with the help of professional rats exterminators.

Identifying Rats:

  1. Physical Appearance: Rats are typically larger than mice, with stout bodies, long tails, and pointed noses. Common rat species include the brown rat (also known as the Norway rat) and the black rat (or roof rat). Brown rats are larger and stockier, with gray-brown fur, while black rats are smaller and sleeker, with black or dark brown fur.
  2. Droppings: Rat droppings are one of the most common signs of an infestation. They are dark, cylindrical in shape, and approximately the size of a grain of rice. Fresh droppings will be soft and moist, while older droppings will be dried and crumbly.
  3. Gnaw Marks: Rats have a constant need to gnaw to keep their teeth from growing too long. Look for gnaw marks on wood, plastic, wiring, and other materials, particularly in areas where rats are likely to hide or travel.
  4. Nesting Sites: Rats build nests in dark, secluded areas such as attics, basements, crawl spaces, and wall voids. Nests are typically made of shredded materials like paper, fabric, and insulation.
  5. Scurrying Noises: Rats are nocturnal creatures and are most active at night. Listen for scurrying noises in the walls, ceilings, or attic during the evening hours, which may indicate the presence of rats.

Getting Rid of Rats:

  1. Seal Entry Points: Inspect your property for potential entry points that rats could use to gain access. Seal cracks, gaps, and openings in walls, doors, windows, and foundations with caulk, steel wool, or metal mesh to prevent rats from entering.
  2. Remove Food Sources: Rats are attracted to food sources, so eliminate any potential food and water sources that may attract them. Store food in airtight containers, clean up spills and crumbs promptly, and secure trash bins with tight-fitting lids.
  3. Use Traps: Traps are an effective way to capture and remove rats from your property. Snap traps, glue traps, and live traps are commonly used for rat control. Place traps along rat runways and near nesting areas, baited with peanut butter, cheese, or dried fruit.
  4. Employ Bait Stations: Bait stations containing rodenticides can be effective for controlling rat populations. However, these should be used with caution, especially in areas where children and pets may have access. It’s advisable to hire a professional rats exterminator to handle bait station placement and monitoring.
  5. Professional Extermination: When dealing with a severe or persistent rat infestation, it’s best to seek the help of professional rats exterminators. Pest control professionals have the knowledge, experience, and tools to effectively identify and eliminate rats from your property safely.


Rat infestations can pose significant challenges for homeowners and businesses, but with proper identification and effective control measures, they can be managed successfully. By recognizing the signs of a rat infestation and taking proactive steps to eliminate them, you can protect your property and ensure a safe and healthy environment for yourself and your family. If you’re unable to handle the infestation on your own, don’t hesitate to contact a professional rats exterminator for assistance.

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